WATER CONSERVATION MANAGEMENT
Water is essential for all life on Earth. Water forms over 85 – 90% of the plant body by green or fresh weight basis. It is a constituent of protoplasm. It acts as a solvent. Water is essential for many activities like nutrients dissolve process, transpiration , photosynthesis , food formation, maintain turgidity of cells, germination of seeds, transpiration chemical, physical and biological reaction in soil , temperature regulation etc.
At present there are many challenges of Indian soils :
- Uneven Rainfall distribution
- Run off of water ( Soil Erosion )
- Increasing salinity of water
- Occurrence of Pesticide residue and heavy metals in irrigation water.
- Over-allocation of existing supplies
Objective of Water management
- Improvement in soil structure
- Improve irrigation use efficiency.
- To make farmers aware about importance of water in crop production ( Excess /less)
- Promotion on farm water storage structure
- To know about water quality
- Promotion of crops and varieties which require less water.
- Land engineering
What we do?
- Promotion of Irrigation systems like drip , sprinklers etc
- Rain water harvesting technologies like Tube well recharge, well recharge, on farm pond etc.
- Drainage improvement
- Farm contour bunding
- Controlled irrigation
- Use of Organic manures to improve soil moisture holding capacity.
- Water testing
- Training and Practical Demonstration of technologies at farm level.
- Making Village Subject matter specialist / master trainer / resource person ( Jal Rakshak )
- Linking farmers with Government department schemes.